NRC Opens Public Comment Period on New Decomm Rules

It will take a few years to create new decommissioning rules, and they will not affect Vermont Yankee decommissioning, says the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. But Safe & Green Campaign believes other states and citizens groups should learn for the lessons we are currently being taught about decommissioning. This was just posted, so it will take a bit to process. We will post our own comments for you to read at a later date. For now, below is the link from the Federal Register as of November 19, 2015.

We have 45 days to comment (before January 4, 2016).

Regulatory Improvements for Decommissioning Power Reactors

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DPS Public Hearing 11/18: Advocating for Change

For the last few decades, countless cases about VT Yankee have been heard at the Public Service Board, including the sale to Entergy, the uprate, dry cask storage #1 and now dry cask storage #2. The Dept of Public Service — DPS —  are our advocates in front of the Public Service Board. The DPS is asking citizens to comment on how they could restructure to better serve the public. Please read their brief statement here.
DPS is holding a hearing on Wednesday Nov 18, at Brattleboro High School, 131 Fairground Road, 6:30 – 9:00pm. Please comment! Or email comments to by November 30.DPS doesn’t want these hearings to turn into a litany of complaints about the past. So let’s get a few things out of our system now:

Just imagine VT Yankee’s history if a truly independent advocate had represented us. Would there have been an uprate? Would there have been a backroom deal about dry casks? If an independent advocate were representing citizen ratepayers during the Senate vote, and after years of town meetings, could Yankee have shut down on March 22, 2012?

At times the DPS has had a cozy relationship with Entergy. So cozy that in 2010, for example, David O’Brien, DPS Commissioner under pro-nuclear Gov. Jim Douglas, hosted a Christmas party which the VP of Entergy attended. A brouhaha ensued. Just imagine VT Yankee’s history if a truly independent advocate had represented us. Would there have been an uprate? Would there have been a backroom deal about dry casks? After the Senate vote, after years of town meetings, with an independent advocate would Yankee have shut down on March 21, 2012?

Two former DPS “ratepayer advocates” are currently on the 3-member Public Service Board; both served under Jim Douglas. PSB Chair Jim Volz was director of DPS public advocacy for 16 years; Sarah Hoffman was director after he moved to the PSB.

Electric power did not reach Jamaica in Windham County until 1964. People wanted power, and they wanted it cheap. Fifty years later, power is a lot more complicated, and citizens are educated and active in power politics, excited or opposed to technologies, and concerned about impacts on land, water, air and public health. But if we disagree with a position taken by DPS, we do not have a voice unless we have big bucks to pay for our own utility lawyers, after proving we have “intervenor status” at the PSB.  DPS always has intervenor status.

There are other models out there. Chris Williams of VCAN and NIRS passed along an innovative idea from Indiana. The Indiana Utility Ratepayer Trust

was established from a settlement over a cancelled nuke project. Groups or individuals who want to participate in cases before the state’s utility regulator, FERC, or the FCC can apply to the trust for funding.

 AARP and 350VT are calling for “independent ratepayer advocates.” Below is an email from 350VT which clearly lays out some of the issues in the context of gas pipelines. (Edited: deleted info on Nov 17 hearing date in Shelburne).

Peace, Leslie Sullivan Sachs
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Vernon Gassing Up

Here is the VtDigger report on the gas meeting in Vernon this past Tuesday night. It was a standing-room only crowd. The moderator said that Vernon residents would speak first, but as the meeting went on he never said when non-residents could start speaking, but it was clear to me that the majority  of speakers were Vernon residents.

The VtDigger article is a good one, so please give it a read. We were surprised that the planning commission had not already looked at the public health impacts of emissions from a gas powered generating plant, which concerned several residents. Some residents pointed out the hypocrisy of using fracked gas for electricity when VT has banned fracking. Town officials made gross generalizations about the need for more power generating capacity in New England and about solar, wind and other renewables being intermittent and unreliable.

Members of the town planning commission stated firmly that looking beyond Vernon at the human and environmental impacts of fracking is not their job. Beyond the heartlessness of that stance, there is the issue of Vernon’s border town, Northfield. Vernon’s proposal depends on Kinder Morgan;s building a compressor station and pipeline in Northfield. At a minimum, Vernon should do the neighborly thing and listen, learn and work with Northfield. We have a lot of work ahead. –Leslie Sullivan Sachs

Ann Darling, a member of the Safe & Green Campaign’s steering committee, shared these thoughts after the meeting.

Just got home from the meeting in Vernon. This was supposed to be a meeting for the Planning Commission members to get a pulse of the town about whether or not to pursue a [fracked] gas-powered power generating station to be sited near the electric transmission infrastructure at Vermont Yankee. I found it surreal and scary.

The scary parts: The presentation by Martin Langeveld for the Planning Commission was totally and transparently pro doing the project. Langeveld stated that Kinder Morgan has a good safety record. Even the federal government doesn’t believe that: Read this list of deaths, accidents and evacuations from February 2015. Scary: the Planning Commission never looked at the health impacts of hosting a gas plant. More scary: When they didn’t like what residents said, Planning Commission members Patty O’Donnell and Janet Rasmussen responded/argued their position without recognition from the moderator, and belittled the residents with whom they disagreed. No one – called them on their bullying rants. Even more scary: It was clear from both direct comments and from tone that this discussion should be just “about Vernon” — in other words, not about the pros and cons of fracked gas or the pipeline, not how the Kinder Morgan compression station would impact Vernon’s neighbors in Northfield — just about Vernon and what Vernon needs. What does Vernon need? Tax dollars. People who brought up the ethics of benefitting from fracking or the risks of a gas plant explosion so close to all that radioactive fuel were shut down. Scary too, because there seemed to be general agreement that we can’t rely on solar and wind to get us through dark, still days, that and we need “back up” from hydrocarbons — no mention of conservation, no big picture thinking about how to go full tilt with renewables.

Surreal? Well, surreal that this group of people was discussing something over which they really have no control. If the developers and Kinder Morgan and the regulators and all the other players decide this will happen, it will happen whether or not the residents of Vernon want it to. Surreal because there were so many statements about how stringent the regulatory structure is and how they could rely on federal regulators to keep the town safe from air pollutants and explosions, and that, in fact, the heavy weight of those regulations is a burden to any industry Surreal because, as someone asked, what happens in 30 years [or 10, or 5] when the plant is no longer profitable and shuts down? Haven’t these folks lived through that, and isn’t once enough? As one friend of our work said after the meeting, there was a lot of playing to fear of higher taxes and not having enough electricity. And another one said that the tone of the meeting was very American. By that I think she meant that it was about individualism and local needs, not seeing this event in a larger context or thinking long-term.

It’s a lesson to all of us who want this country and this world to make very big shifts very quickly (so that we can ALL go on living on a beautiful and functioning planet) that it will be very, very hard work. The frameworks and values that people carry in their minds leave us very far apart and polarized. That’s perhaps the most scary of all, because if we don’t find common ground, we’re all going to be in for a bad ride, and our children will be in for an even worse one.



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Juggling 3 Reactors

The NRC says there is nothing to worry about: Entergy’s finances are just jim dandy.

But the State of Vermont disagrees, and Green Mtn. Power recently joined the state’s campaign to see that decommissioning trust funds (DTF) are used for only for decommissioning. Entergy recent withdrawal of DTF included $1.5 million for property taxes to the Town of Vernon. Mike Fahr of VtDigger covers the issue here.

“Especially in light of Entergy’s recent announcements regarding the upcoming closure of the Pilgrim and FitzPatrick nuclear plants, the NRC needs to start taking these matters more seriously and provide a comprehensive and participatory process for reviewing requests to use decommissioning funds.” Chris Recchia, Public Service Dept.

Chris Campany of the Windham Regional Commission also worries about Entergy’s use of DTF, in this article on “Entergy Juggling Multiple Shutdowns” 11.05.15

“I worry that Entergy and the NRC are operating under assumptions that perhaps make the decommissioning trust numbers work in favor of a desirable answer. I hope I’m wrong”

The day after Entergy announced its plan to close the Pilgrim reactor, Power magazine published this article: Is Entergy Moving Out of Nukes?

And as Chris Recchia, Commissioner of VT Dept. of Public Service pointed out 11.05.15:

“The closure announcements are interesting taken collectively,” Recchia said. “If nuclear is not economically competitive in New England, where electricity prices are high and where gas is constrained, where can it be profitable?”



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Another One Bites the Dust

On November 2, Entergy made two announcements: it posted a big loss for the quarter, it will close its Fitzpatrick reactor once its fuel has run out.

Entergy blamed “market conditions” for the closure of the single-unit reactor on Lake Oswego. According to Power magazine’s blog, “The company said that it had worked with New York State officials during the past two months “to reach a constructive and mutually beneficial agreement to avoid a shutdown.” In the end, it was unsuccessful.”

From the Vermont Yankee experience “negotiating” the settlement agreement,” w understand that a state has little leverage with a nuclear company. The NRC places all the cards in the hands of the owner.

NY Governor Cuomo wants to retain the 600 jobs. He immediately announced that he would “pursue every legal and regulatory avenue” to keep Fitzpatrick open. At the same tie, he re-affirmed his commitment to close Indian Point. Let’s hope he doesn’t concede that point to keep Fitzpatrick open.

The nuclear industry pressure to keep IP open must be tremendous. Shutting down Indian Point would tell the world that the US nuclear experiment is over.

Closer to home, the closure of Vermont Yankee, Pilgrim and Fitzpatrick proves that Entergy made a very bad call when it bought these old reactors in the Northeast. I don’t know about you, but I feel nervous when I think about Entergy making business decisions about the Decommissioning Trust Fund we all paid in to.

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Nov. 10: Vernon Public Hearing on Proposed Gas Plant

We will be attending a public meeting on November 10 in Vernon at 6:30pm at the elementary school. The Vernon Planning Commission will present its proposal for a gas plant to be located in Vernon, which will be connected to the fracked gas pipeline proposed by Kinder Morgan through Massachusetts and New Hampshire. A pipeline would come from Northfield, MA to Vernon. Kinder Morgan has to prove to FERC (the feds) that there is a demand for the gas. A new gas plant in Vernon, creating a new market in Windham County, would help Kinder Morgan make that case.

A VtDigger article about the forum is re-posted on the No Fracked Gas in Mass website, which is also a good source of information about the pipeline, and alternatives.

At the meeting, we have been told that the general public will be allowed to comment after all Vernon residents are done talking. The chair of the Vernon Planning Commission is a familiar face: Patty O’Donnell, a goof friend to VT Yankee and formerly the Vernon selectboard chair, state rep, head of ALEC in Vermont, and lobbyist for Entergy in VT’s statehouse.


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LAST Siren Test Nov. 7

UPDATE: Entergy has offered towns first dibbs on the 37 sirens. (Read an article below.) Some towns are interested. The state is not. Here’s an idea: keep them active til all the radioactive fuel is moved from the fuel pool into dry cask storage!

Original post: This coming Saturday, November 7th, Vermont Yankee will perform the last tests of the 37 sirens in the 10-mile evacuation zone. On and off over decades, activists have been doing a die-ins when they hear the siren: lay down on the ground wherever you are when you hear the siren, and stay put until the siren ends — unless of course doing so would endanger yourself or others. The NRC has approved Entergy’s plan to stop emergency planning beyond the site boundaries of the nuclear power site, as of April 2016. So this is most likely the final tests of the evacuation zone sirens.

The sirens will go off at Noon in Brattleboro, Dummerston, Guilford, Vernon, VT;  Chesterfield, Hinsdale, Richmond, Swanzey and Winchester, NH and Gill, Colrain, Leyden, Bernardston and Northfield, MA.

REFORMER 11.05.15 VY: The Sirens of History

BRATTLEBORO >> Once a month for decades, people living and working in the emergency planning zone around Vermont Yankee in Vernon have heard the wail of the emergency sirens that dot the landscape within a 10-mile radius of the nuclear power plant.

On Saturday, at noon, all 37 sirens will fire in unison together for the last time. The full three-minute siren testing is conducted by Vermont, New Hampshire and Massachusetts state public safety agencies in compliance with the regulations of the Federal Emergency Management Agency to ensure the effectiveness of the public notification system.

In Vermont, sirens are located in Brattleboro, Dummerston, Guilford and Vernon. In New Hampshire, sirens are located in Chesterfield, Hinsdale, Richmond, Swanzey and Winchester. And in Massachusetts, they are located in Gill, Colrain, Leyden, Bernardston and Northfield.

But because the nuclear power plant ceased operations in December of 2014 and all the spent fuel has been moved out of the reactor, there is no longer a requirement to conduct the system-wide tests. And Entergy, which owns the plant, is only obligated to maintain the sirens until May 2016. Until then, emergency managers in the EPZ might “burp” the sirens for a few seconds to insure they are still working, but there will be no more three-minute tests.

What happens to the sirens after May 2016 is up to the towns, said Martin Cohn, senior communications specialist for Vermont Yankee decommissioning.

Cohn said Entergy is preparing a letter to deliver to all the towns in the EPZ, letting them know they can keep the sirens if they want them, or Entergy will dismantle and cart them away after May 2016.

Erika Bornemann, the chief of staff for the Division of Emergency Management and Homeland Security, said the state has no plan to take ownership of the sirens.

“We have told the towns that the sirens are their property. They need to decide whether to keep them or have them decommissioned.”

“We have five sirens in the town of Brattleboro,” said Mike Buccosi, the town’s fire chief and director of emergency management. “We have talked a number of times over the years about how we could incorporate the sirens into our own emergency warnings and we’ve always come back to the belief that people will associate the sirens with an emergency at Vermont Yankee.”

While the sirens could be used for any type of emergency, said Buccosi, what they are really telling people is to turn on your weather radios to get information, not that Yankee is experiencing an emergency. To sign up to receive alerts to your phone or email, visit

“We really have no use for them,” said Buccosi. “The only thing they could give a pre-warning about is a tornado, and, as you know, they are far and few between here.”

Patrick Moreland, Brattleboro’s assistant town manager, said there really is no good reason for the town to take ownership of the sirens.

“We have been offered them, but the idea of taking them on at additional cost just doesn’t make sense.”

But not everyone feels that way.

Zeke Goodband, the chairman of the Dummerston Selectboard, said that while there has been no official discussion about the future of the tow’s sirens, he believes the town will need to weigh the benefit of having the sirens against the costs of maintaining them.

And Mike Darcy, chairman of the Board of Selectmen for Hinsdale, N.H., said he and his other board members need more information from Entergy before they make a decision on whether to keep the sirens or not.

“We need to determine what the necessity is to having an emergency siren and how much it will cost to maintain one,” said Darcy.

Cohn said it can cost anywhere between $125 and $1,000 every year to maintain the sirens, depending on what kind of work needs to be done.

Jon McKeon, the chairman of the Chesterfield, N.H., Board of Selectmen, said town administrators are working with Chesterfield’s two fire departments to determine if they would like to take possession of the sirens.

“The sirens would be a good addition to the town’s early warning system,” said McKeon.

To sign up for emergency notifications to your phone or email in New Hampshire, visit

Bob Audette can be contacted at 802-254-2311, ext. 160.


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NDCAP Meeting 11.12.15

November 12, 2015 – 6:00 p.m. – 9:00 p.m.

Vernon Elementary School Cafeteria, 381 Governor Hunt Road, Vernon, VT

Most of the citizen members of the Citizen Advisory Panel have met as a subcommittee and drafted Advisory Opinions to present to the State. The following DRAFT Advisory Opinions will be discussed at this meeting:

  1. Engaging Host Communities (First Draft)The NRC is writing rules for decommissioning, since there essentially are none. The NRC listens to the Nuclear Energy Institute and the industry that pays 80% of its budget through fees. The NRC doesn’t listen to communities or state governments that host reactors. This opinions suggests three ways to “effectively and substantively” engage with the NRC to make our voices heard.

    Bravo … and perhaps a definition of “host communities” should be included in the Opinion so that it is clearly a regional or EPZ approach.

  2.   Continued Funding for Radiological Emergency Response Plan (First Draft)

There are three periods of decommissioning: preparing for Safstor and moving the radioactive fuel from the fuel pool into dry cask storage; dormancy; decontamination. This Draft Opinion wants Emergency Response funds appropriate to each period based on the risks of that phase, not abandoning all of us in the Emergency Planning Zone, and ending rapid response. Moving fuel, and decontaminating the reactor building, are high risk times.

We agree … and this Draft should be edited; at four pages, it is simply too long. This Draft Advisory Opinion refers to “the owner” of Yankee’s license — Entergy is not named, which is interesting. This could be prudent caution by the writer; if Entergy bails and Yankee changes hands, this Opinion would still apply. 

3.  Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation Plan (First Draft)

Highly radioactive fuel will be moved into dry casks which will sit on two storage pads. One pad is built and in use; Entergy has a plan, and has applied for permission from the Public Service Board to build the second pad. The Opinion argues that the pad needs to be located further away from the reactor building.

Entergy’s plan is based on the belief that the US Dept. of Energy will remove all the dry casks by 2052. This Draft Advisory Opinion recommends locating the pad further from the reactor building. If the casks are still there after 2052, having the pads so close to the reactor will make it difficult or impossible to decommission the reactor building. (We don’t understand why this opinion suggests a 3rd pad as an option; seems to muddy the waters).

We agree. Entergy is either trying to pull a fast one, or is dreaming, if it thinks a federal solution for nuclear waste will be decided and passed into law, that a location will be found and approved, that regulations will be written & approved, and that a facility/facilities will be built and licensed, and then all of Yankees dry casks removed by 2052.

4. Vermont Department of Health Groundwater Monitoring through License

Termination (First Draft)

Groundwater monitoring should be a “joint and collaborative effort between the licensee, Entergy Vermont Yankee, LLC, and the Vermont Department of Health (VDH) as opposed to the redundant, resource intensive and inconsistent programs currently in effect.”

Sounds good and your faithful scribe does not have the scientific or technical chops to wade through and comment on the rest of this Opinion. Hopefully activists who are comfortable with this arena will comment.

Please read the above opinions and ask questions, critique and/or show your support for the Opinions at this meeting. Also on the Agenda: an update from Entergy on the announced closures of Fitzpatrick and Pilgrim.

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Nina Swaim Memorial

For four decades, Nina Swaim, from Seabrook to Wall Street to the gates of Vermont Yankee, Nina Swaim wrote, testified, and was arrested battling nuclear power and nuclear weapons, with wit, intelligence and passion. A gathering to commemorate her life will be held 1:00pm on Sunday, November 1st at the Seven Stars Center in Sharon, Vermont. (I89, Exit 3).

From the Valley News

NinaSharon, Vt. — Eleanor (Nina) Hathaway Swaim, 77, died Thursday, Oct. 15, 2015, at her residence in Sharon. Nina was born into a conservative family in Sherborn, Mass. She graduated from Saint Mary’s in Littleton, N.H. and earned a B.A. at Boston University, an M.Ed. at Columbia University, and a Certificate in Conflict Resolution at Woodbury College.

As an administrator in the Foreign Students Office at Columbia in 1968, Nina was originally negative about the disruption of campus life during protests against secret war research at the university. After learning more about the links between the university and the war in Vietnam she came to understand the corruption of the military/industrial/educational complex and the racism inherent in Columbia’s expansion plans into Harlem. She joined the protesters and her life was transformed to a fighter for peace and social justice.

Nina worked in a GI bookstore near a military base to assist soldiers protesting the war in Vietnam; she crewed for her brother’s bike racing in Canada; she learned the printing trade and co-founded the feminist New Victoria Press in Lebanon; she became active in the anti-nuclear movement and was a founding member of the Upper Valley Energy Coalition with close ties to Clamshell Alliance; she was arrested on numerous occasions at Seabrook, N.H., Vernon, Vt., Wall Street, N.Y., and First National Bank, Boston, to expose the dangers of the nuclear industry. She was frequently joined by her mother at anti-nuclear protests. In 1980, she wrote A Handbook for Women on the Nuclear Mentality with Susan Koen. She was a passionate foe of war and blocked the gates at the General Electric plant in Burlington, Vt., when it was manufacturing gatling guns for use against indigenous people in Central America, and she was a tireless organizer of vigils in the Upper Valley as war after war scarred our national fabric. Critics who decried her efforts as ineffectual have come to appreciate the long-term impact of her tireless, steadfast commitment to building a better world. Nina always saw her work as international and went to Nicaragua with a Vermont cotton brigade to learn about the revolution first hand. She worked as a cooperator in Mozambique with the revolutionary women’s organization to study and report on the problems of water from the perspective of Mozambican women. She toured Gandhian ashrams in India to learn the power of Gandhian nonviolence – a philosophy to which she was totally committed.

As recently as Sept. 21 Nina was arrested in Williston as part of the Williston Six who chained themselves to the gate of the Vermont Gas Systems pipe yard to protest the import of fracked gas into Vermont and the continued expansion of fossil fuel infrastructure. She looked forward to a jury trial to defend the necessity of acting to prevent further climate disruption.

Nina studied mediation at Woodbury College when it was a completely new profession and was instrumental in bringing mediation into the Vermont court and education systems. She was mediation coordinator for the Vermont Supreme Court. For years she worked as a mediator with a commitment to mediation as a nonviolent means to resolve conflict and build sounder personal relationships and communities. She was a strong believer in cooperatives as an alternative economic model and was active in the formation of the Upper Valley Food Coop and the South Royalton Market. She was a devoted and passionate beekeeper and a fighter for the health of honeybees. She spearheaded the organization of a day-long conference on honeybees, pollinators, and pesticides at the Vermont Law School just this past April. Nina was a practicing Buddhist and worked for 18 months as volunteer staff at Insight Meditation Society.

Nina spent hours tending her flower gardens. She loved hiking in many parts of the U.S. and climbed all 4000 footers in Vermont and New Hampshire as well as trekking in Nepal, France, Peru, and the Ruwenzori Mountains of Uganda. Horses were often a part of her life and she worked at dude ranches as a wrangler/cowgirl and with High Horses therapeutic riding program in Wilder.

She is survived by her husband Douglas V. Smith and her brother, Stanley Swaim of East Burke, and by her step-daughter, Kirsten Elin; and grandsons, Ezekiel Elin and Jett Elin of Hanover.

A Gathering to commemorate the life of Nina Swaim will be held Sunday, Nov. 1 at 1 p.m. at the Seven Stars Center in Sharon. All are welcome.

Gifts in memory of Nina may be sent to Rising Tide Vermont, 21 Decatur Street, Burlington, VT 05401, or to Resist, 259 Elm Street, Somerville, MA 02144-9816.





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Entergy Announces Pilgrim Closure

Yesterday Entergy announced that it plans to close the Pilgrim reactor in Plymouth, MA by 2019. When that happens, one-half of all the nukes in New England will be shut down!

As we have written previously, even the lax NRC could not ignore the cascading effect of poor maintenance at Pilgrim, and recently it was ranked one of the 3 least safe reactors in the US. (The other two, in Arkansas, are also owned by Entergy).

Pilgrim should close NOW. The list of repairs the NRC has begun keeps getting longer. How can it be safe?

Pilgrim “fails in every Nor’easter since 1978,” has had several unplanned shut downs, hasn’t fixed a fire problem discovered in 1992, has tons of waste on site on Cape Cod Bay, a malfunctioning weather tower, and an evacuation plan that is a joke. It is a twin to Fukushima, like Yankee, so we know those weaknesses.

The day after Entergy announced its plan to close the Pilgrim reactor, Power magazine published this article: Is Entergy Moving Out of Nukes?

While many folks are comparing Entergy’s closure of VT Yankee to Pilgrim, there are big differences.

  • Entergy said, on September 28, that if the cost of fixes required by the NRC was too high, they would shut down Pilgrim. On October 8, NRC’s PR man Neil Sheehan said, “They are one step removed from the column where they would be at risk of being shut down by the NRC.” VT Yankee was not in that situation. We did not get a heads up, and Yankee was not under pressure from the NRC to close.
  • Entergy’s stock has fallen 30% this year. Entergy said it may close Fitzpatrick in NY. Entergy withdrew an application to build a new nuclear reactor in Mississippi.  Entergy just sold its natural gas plant in Rhode Island. Entergy needs cash.
  • While Entergy blamed competition from natural gas in the decisions to close both Yankee & Pilgrim, there were no pipelines proposed in Vermont at the time. On the other hand, Massachusetts is  currently involved in a huge energy battle: natural gas pipelines versus renewables. Pilgrim’s closing is not going to help the fight against the pipelines.

Here is MA Senator Dan Wolf:

But now is not the time to relax: We need to make sure Pilgrim operates safely, closure happens as soon as possible, the cost of decommissioning is not borne by taxpayers or ratepayers, and the people working at Pilgrim transition into good jobs. Let’s use this historic moment to move us toward clean, renewable energy that much faster!

We know better than anyone, that closure is a mixed bag. No more high level radioactive waste will be created. But Pilgrim activists will face a lengthy list of new challenges. For now, we congratulate our comrades. As NIRS commented on the closure news:

It is probably not a coincidence that for the past 25 years, New England has been home to the most active and aggressive anti-nuclear movement in the U.S. When people band together, work together, and stick to it: good things happen.

We at Safe and Green plan to share our experience of the closure of Vermont Yankee, and the fact that the NRC seems even more lax and captive to industry than ever once the last kilowatt is generated. We have grave concerns about the financial future of Entergy. We will strategize with those working to safely dismantle Pilgrim toward a better outcome than Yankee’s status, as it seems more possible every day that Entergy will not be here to complete the job.

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